September 21, 2017 in the reading room "Kashfiyot" the National library of Uzbekistan opened a book and illustrative exhibition entitled "Buyuk qomusiy olim" (The Great lexicographer), dedicated to the scientist educator Abu Rayhan Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Beruni (973-1048). At the exhibition took place books about the life and work of the scientist.
The great scholar of Khorezm, the author of numerous major works on history, geography, Philology, astronomy, mathematics, geodesy, Mineralogy, pharmacology, Geology, etc Abu Rayhan Beruni was born on September 4, in 973 in the ancient capital of Khorezm - city Kyat. Beruni for the first time in the middle East, suggested the possibility of movement of the Earth around the Sun, determined the circumference of the Earth.
He received an excellent mathematical and philosophical education. The first teacher of Biruni was Abu Nasr Mansur Ibn Iraq al-Jadi, the author of fundamental works on astronomy, mathematics and trigonometry. Biruni believed that everything in nature exists and changes according to the laws of nature, and understanding these laws is only possible with the help of science. His main work on mathematics and astronomy, which had great practical importance for irrigated agriculture and commercial travel. In the first essay, "the Chronology of ancient Nations" (1000) Biruni collected and described all known in his time, the calendar systems used by the different peoples of the world. Astronomical research outlined in the "Book of interpretation of the basic principles of astronomy" and other scientific works. The main work of al-Biruni is "the Canon of Masud on astronomy and the stars", which describes the overall picture of the world. The scientific legacy of al-Biruni is approximately 150 works on mathematics, astronomy, geography, Mineralogy, history, Ethnography, Philology, philosophy.
Being a scientist-naturalist, he contributed to the expansion of the concept of number, the theory of cubic equations, spherical trigonometry, made trigonometric tables. Based on the study of chronology of different Nations, proposed General principles for the compilation of calendars, including agricultural. Possession of Arabic, Persian, Greek, Syriac languages and Sanskrit resulted in the principles of translation of natural-scientific terminology from one language to another.
Visiting the book-illustrative exhibition entitled "Buyuk qomusiy olim" (the Great lexicographer), dedicated to the scientist educator Abu Rayhan Muhammad Ibn Ahmad Beruni, library users get familiar with the literature about the life and work of the scientist.
The press service of the National library of Uzbekistan